History & Civilization of Yoga

Prior to the development of Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was an ancient territory called Harappa, dated back in 7000 BCE. During that time, this region was predominantly based on farming and herding. This farming region was called 「Mehrgarth」. When this Harappa region started at its early stage of development in 3300 BCE, the early formation of Indus Valley Civilization started. This ancient civilization was located at the northwest part of modern India sharing part of modern Pakistan (Mohenjo-Daro). This ancient civilization was surrounded by lots of rivers like ancient China and ancient Egypt. When this Indus Valley Civilization entered into its mature phase of development in 2600BCE, major urban expansion stretched out beyond the original territory of Harappa into other regions like Mohenjo-Daro, Dholavira, Kalibangan, Rakhigarhi, Ropar and Lothal. Major urban activities like metallurgical production of copper, lead and tin materials; trading business and shipping were in active development. On a religious aspect, people in the civilization had their local belief in Hindu deities such as Shiva and Rudra as well as the Gods of Animals. 


When it came into the late Harappan phase between (1900 BCE-1300BCE), the Indus Valley Civilization started to breakdown. Major factors of such disintegration were attributed to local cultural diversifications; famine and diseases like leprosy and tuberculosis; internal civil war and fighting as well as Indo-Argan invasion. While the invasion of Indo-Argan tribe into the Indus Valley Civilization territory, they brought in Vedic religion called Vedism or Brahmanism into the territory. 





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